Law.com reports that Bank of America and Citibank stand to lose in excess of $51 million because Bank of America, acting on its own behalf and as Citibank's agent, terminated both banks' financing statements against the former law firm of Heller Ehrman in August 2007, some 14 months before Heller Ehrman filed bankruptcy. As we all know, UCC § 9-317(a)(2) and 11 U.S.C. § 544(a)(1), collectively, generally give a bankruptcy trustee (or a debtor-in-possession) priority over any security interests that were unperfected when the debtor filed bankruptcy. That's bad enough news for Bank of America's and Citibank's apparently unperfected-at-filing security interests. (Bank of America and Citibank have argued that an October 2008 "correction" revived their perfection well before Heller Ehrman filed bankruptcy and had the effect of making the banks perfected when Heller Ehrman paid them. Heller Ehrman counters that the "correction" did not cure the banks' lapse in perfection.)
But, wait, it appears to get worse. Less than 90 days before Heller Ehrman filed bankruptcy, and well after Bank of America terminated its and Citibank's filings, Heller Ehrman paid the banks $51 million of the firm's outstanding debt. Under 11 U.S.C. § 547(b), the payment looks like an avoidable preference, which the banks may have to refund to the bankruptcy estate.
With Pillsbury Winthrop Shaw Pittman on one side and Greenberg Traurig on the other, this dispute figures to be hotly contested and should be interesting to follow.
(Hat tip to Scott Burnham.)